A range of identifiable hazards

A range of identifiable hazards

Health and Safety Task 2

P3 Describe a range of identifiable hazards associated with deep excavations and scaffolding when working from heights Explain who may be at risk from these potential Hazards

Working from Heights When working from heights it is vital to remember to be very careful because of the numerous dangers when doing so there is quite a lot of professions that work from large heights but the most common one in the construction industry is scaffolding So Im going to give you some examples of hazards associated with scaffolding

Falling from said height The dangers here are obvious depending how far you fall and what you hit when going down and of course how and what you land on all determine how much damage you will take Now the simplest way to make sure people dont fall of scaffolding is by having safety rails and barriers all the way around the platforms but this can cost a lot of money if they make it completely protected all the way around so they have to make the scaffolders on site aware of any certain areas that are more dangerous than others for example a hole where ladders are from the area below an area that isnt as well protected as it isnt an area of high traffic When talking about falling from heights and who gets injured due to it this will rarely involve the public as they should not be climbing the scaffolding to be able to fall so this will usually only effect the workers

Objects falling from height Objects falling from height is one of the main causes of injury and death in the construction industry this is because of the nature of the items and the large heights that are used on site for example a lot of bricks and iron poles fall from the top of scaffolding that could be as high as a 30m building or even more this is why PPE like hard hats were introduced because we identified hazards like this and realised this was the best plan of action Objects falling from height can be very dangerous to the passing public when there is scaffolding being done on a busy main street for example we now put measures In place so that the public has to be a certain distance away as well as having netting theyre to try and catch the falling debris Obviously workers are also injured and killed from falling objects quite regularly as well

Deep Excavations

Deep Excavations is where you have dug a rather large hole that requires foundations to keep the ground from caving inwards and crushing what ever is inside Now obviously this is very dangerous job because there are a couple of major risks that are involved for example the ground caving in around you lack of oxygen in the tunnels and digging in areas of danger

Ground Caving In There is a great risk of the ground caving in while digging the way around this problem is by creating foundations as you go along these foundations will keep the sides from caving in this is the most common danger when doing deep excavations as sometimes people dont make strong foundations and the foundations could break leading to a cave in

Lack of Oxygen There is a chance when working so low down that there will be a lack of oxygen obviously we have found ways around this with Oxygen tanks and so on but there is still a fear that the oxygen will be thin and cause you to pass out

Digging in areas of danger There is also the danger of digging in dangerous areas when digging for example an electricity cable running along the ground or major water pipes could also cause serious problems if damaged when digging So it is very important to check the area that you are digging in properly to make sure that there isnt anything that could cause problems when digging

P4 Review and evaluate the main principle features of a risk assessment for these situations and determine the main differences between risks and hazards

Risk Assessments

There are four principle features of a risk assessment these are

Every employer must take an assessment of the risk to their works

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