Alvaro Siza Architecture Analysis

Alvaro Siza Architecture Analysis

In this essay I will be looking thoroughly into Alvaro Sizas projects who became a well know Modernist architect during the 20th century in Europe I will be discussing the range of influences that Alvaro Siza had studied and how they had influenced his projects I will also complement this with a reflection on how Alvaro Sizas work engages with the surrounding

Alvaro Siza was a Portuguese born architect who is considered one of Portugals greatest modernist architects His works are internationally known for their clarity and simplism as Oriol Bohigas stated Sizas work is always based on unity of space and volume an absolute coherence of function and form Alvaro Siza is known for his wide range of influences of Modernist architecture during Alvaro Sizas studies he travelled around the world to study the Modern Architecture of the early generation which include Le Corbusier who at the time was one of the most successful Modernist architects Alvar Alto Adolf Loos and the Brazilians were also major influences Alvaro Siza thoroughly studied the wide range of materials that the architects had used and studied the various forms and structures which later influenced his own projects Although Siza has no particular style his works are visually beautiful His designs are all very different as they all come from the site they are situated in which ensures a very distinctive style each time

In many of Alvaro Siza projects you can see the connection between Siza and Alvar Aalto which was also a successful Finnish Modernist architect Alvar Aalto and Alvaro Siza both link their projects with the nature and in some sought harmonize the landscape They both look for a balanced connection between mans interventions with the existing nature which is what dominates in their design processes and works Their design processes begin by examining the site which formulate their ideas Boa Nova Teahouse Figure 1 2 is one of Sizas earliest projects which was constructed in 1964 sits on the edge of a rocky environment looking out into the Atlantic Sea The tea house was influenced by Alvar Aaltos project with its organic form and the strong relationship with the topography of the surroundings Free and natural way it becomes part of the landscape Siza 1964 The Teahouse was widely influenced by Aaltos Villa Mairea Figure 3 which was constructed in 1940 who also focused on the topography of the nearby forest to determine the design Siza took major influence from the range of materials that Alvar Aalto used to construct the Villa concrete that was later painted white is seen in both projects as well as the use of wood in the exterior When studying both of the projects you can see the major commonalities throughout the projects and the colours are also very similar









Adolf Loos was also a major influence on Alvaro Siza Adolf Loos was an Austrian and Czech architect who was widely known in Europe for his many Modern design theories Most of his projects consist of plain white cube shaped massing houses with plain white faade with rich materials Although the exterior is very plain Loos ensures the interior is the complete opposite and creates elegant marble interiors which is also referenced in Sizas works One of the projects where it is evident that Siza had taken much influence from Adolf Loos work was the largescale project Malagueira housing Figure 4 which was constructed from 19771997 on the outskirts of Evora near Lisbon The Malaguiera housing are white cube shaped which develop the geometry and repetition of the housing but still obtains a wide range of architectural diversity They are completely plain and lack decoration of any sort These characteristics are very common in Adolf Loos Moissi House Figure 5 constructed in 1922 with the form being a plain white cube shaped house with a very balanced arrangement of the windows and no decorations throughout the building Another building where there is clear influence of Adolf Loos in Sizas p

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