Analysing Low Rise Buildings Construction Essay

Analysing Low Rise Buildings Construction Essay

A lowrise building is defined as any occupiable building which is divided at regular intervals into occupiable levels which is lower than a highrise To be considered a lowrise building an edifice must be based on solid ground and fabricated along its full height through deliberate processes as opposed to naturallyoccurring formations and have at least one floor above ground

An individual building in this category is generally defined as one with connected interior spaces Any lowrise building with more than one disconnected interior space may only count as a single building if it was built as a single unit and if the separate parts form an architecturally integral whole On the other hand it is possible to consider a house with connected interior spaces as more than one building if the different parts are not intended to form a single development and do not form an architecturally integral whole We can define a building as a lowrise building when it meets one of the following criteria

Buildings associated with major architects or other major building companies

Buildings which are especially prominent because of their size or position

Any buildings housing commercial uses

Buildings added at the request of a company

Buildings of significant historical or architectural interest

Structural forms

The main forms of lowrise buildings

Generally speaking there are two forms of lowrise builings and they are

Traditional

Modern

Traditional construction

I can describe traditional buildings as usual customary wellknown longestablished regular buildings that we get used to see in our streets and in our neighbourhoods But technically speaking a traditional building is a building with a traditional construction and a traditional material a good example for it is a loadbearing masonry brick and block building

TRADITIONAL METHODS OF CONSTRUCTION

The term traditional build is most often used to describe a structure where the internal load bearing leaf of the walling is of masonry construction and tied with stainless steel ties to an outer leaf of either block or brick

Although Modern Methods of Construction are taking building practices into the future traditional brick and block methods still remain one of the most widely used build types in the UK and Ireland

There are many varied forms of construction and blocks take many different forms

Dense Concrete Blocks

Dense Concrete Blocks have a high strength factor and are therefore used for foundations external leafs of walls that are to be rendered and for internal load bearing partitions They do not however have a very high insulation value or acoustic rating

Lightweight Aerated Aircrete Blocks

Lightweight Aerated Aircrete Blocks are suitable for foundations internal and external leaves of cavity walls solid walls internal walls and party walls They provide a far greater thermal efficiency but usually require the application of an external wall insulation system to achieve current building regulations

Thin Joint Systems

Thin Joint Systems which are actually classed as an MMC due to the innovative process have been designed to speed up the build process The blocks are laid using a proprietary mortar instead of sand cement which is applied using a special scoop The system allows a single leaf to be taken up to roof height without waiting for the external leaf offering a similar construction speed of panellised systems

Single Skin Construction

On the continent Single Skin Construction used with external insulation has been the standard method of building for decades With rising densities higher land costs and the rising cost and shortages of skilled labour UK architects and developers are now specifying this method of construction

Following the erection of a lightweight single skin of blockwork WBS offer a range of insulation systems that are specifically designed to meet thermal guidelines

Once the insulation is f

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