Archaeologists Interpretations of Sex and Gender

Archaeologists Interpretations of Sex and Gender

How have archaeologists attempts to interpret sex and gender relations in the past changed

Gender as a point of request in the investigation of prehistoric studies has not been of essential enthusiasm until late history It has just been as of late in the last thirty or forty years that the investigation of sex and gender relations as far as examining it in archaeological revelation has been a point that archaeologists have been truly seeking after The subject of gender has still not been argued to the degree that which we need it to be the sub topics considered a detail of investigation as opposed to the core interest One of the obstinate conclusions on this theme is on account of it is for the most part accepted that the patriarchal society has been the prevailing social structure all through the current societies along these lines to study sexual orientation relations is to summon a similar outcome through numerous social orders Bettina and Wicker 2001However this is the centre issue with the path in which societies have been celebrated internationally through western conviction frameworks hence making suppositions about the way that sex and sex are considered inside those social orders subject to present day gauges of understanding it is imperative reevaluate the way of social structures that have been resolved through onesided suspicions keeping in mind the end goal to better build a photo of an antiquated social orders

In the last 40 years or so Feminism has become one of the key influences for archaeologists especially the postprocessualists Feminism was also one of the driving forces behind the interest in practice meaning and identity in archaeological theory It originated when women questioned why there was an absence of women in archaeological fields and also from the past that archaeologists wrote about For instance there were only a small number of fields that were run by women and although there are usually more women that study archaeology than men after they graduate more men decide to get a job in archaeology There is a drop off in number of female archaeologists with age You could ask why does feminism matter in archaeology Some people would say that it is just about diversity when it comes to feminism allowing more equality between men and women However it is not just about this It is also about the potential of archaeology as a subject Many statements or stereotypes made about gender and sexuality are still presented as timeless Women care for children men are superior leaders etc However it can be argued that the time depth of archaeology gives us the chance to modify these views and instead offer different narratives for the history of gender and sexuality To show that it is not always the same that it has changed through time and space It is because archaeology is a potentially powerful subject that we have to think about these issues in the long term

In order to tackle the issue of gender we must discuss what gender is and whether there is an absolute biological difference One of the standard definitions of bodily identity is the classic biological description which is of two genders dictated by chromosomes with females having XX chromosomes and males XY The traditional biological view that sex defines gender was criticised by Simone de Beavoir who showed that the ideas of what a woman should be were not natural but cultural I was not born but rather became a woman People were expected to behave in certain ways The idea that girls like pink that they play with dolls not guns and that theyre passive quiet and submissive Those classic ideas about what a woman was particularly at the time Beavoir was writing are not at all natural but in fact cultural that are learned that society placed upon us In the New Archaeology there was no consideration of gender There was always the constant use of man and a failure to engage with gender meant that there were essentially no roles for women in the past and

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