Architectural Design Proposal of Reading Space

Architectural Design Proposal of Reading Space

31 Historical Purpose Context

If we surmise that temporary architecture is essentially something that is not permanent then in one form or another as stated it has existed since antiquity with examples traced from prehistoric wooden huts and shelters through medieval stage sets circuses and world fairs to the mobile home and postwar prefabs and wartime and disaster relief Interestingly as early as 58 BCE in ancient Rome such architecture functioned as a form of revolution ancient Romans circumventing governmental opposition to permanent amphitheatres by building temporary versions with the Metropolitan Museum of Art noting that despite their impermanent nature this architecture was a rich celebration and an expression of antiestablishment ideals

Together with other classical forms a revival of temporary architecture was also particularly prevalent during the Renaissance civic groups would welcome King Henry II of France to their cities with festivals showcasing the best and most elaborate in temporary design of the time such as the specifically commissioned Fountain de Innocents 1550 a collaboration between architect Pierre Lescot and sculptor Jean Goujan As the University of Torontos Professor of Art History Christy Anderson notes for designers and architects of the Renaissance the ephemeral nature of the installations lent themselves to design innovations believed to be too unconventional or extravagant for lasting architecture and afforded the opportunity for experimentation Such events were used as tantalising opportunities for the realisation of a new style made real perhaps for a single day the transient enjoyably consumed creating a taste for the permanent

In contemporary architecture we have become more familiar with the temporary as expressed at exhibitions and pavilions Le Corbusier and Pierre Jeannerets LEspirit Nouveau Pavilion 1925 Mies van der Rohes Barcelona Pavilion 1929 and Alison and Peter Smithsons House of the Future for the Daily Mail Ideal Home Exhibition in London 1956 each showcasing their designers stimulating philosophies and ideas on the future of architecture and advertising these compelling forms via memorable provocative images Moreover these challenges to established or conventional approaches to design were yet further inflamed by Archigram with mobile inflatable or temporary projects albeit resigned to paper and remaining unbuilt during the 1960s and 70s

32 Academic Discourse Urban Change

However it was the aftermath of the great recession in 2008 which crippled economies with the construction architecture and engineering sectors arguably hit the hardest and the inevitable temporary suspension of many largescale projects that ensued which elevated smallscale bottomup spatial interventions from niche to mainstream practice and subsequently exposed them to more intense levels of critical review Though this opened up possibilities to test scenarios and subvert preconceptions of what our cities should be like giving architects and designers often young the opportunity to push the boundaries of architecture and take the city back into their own hands as Cate St Hill writes in her RIBA published book This is Temporary very soon and perhaps unavoidably established companies found they could make use of these strategies too evaporating away any freshness writes Douglas Murphy in his article for the Architectural Review The PopUp Problem

As a consequence it has now become utterly commonplace for food drink fashion or design retailers for example to make their inaugural entrance into any given city via a succession of trendy popups before the proper shop opens Though this could be considered fairly commonplace coolchasing it stems from the constant procedure of reducing risk a temporary shop doesnt require payment for a full lease and it also has an aura of edgy cool These types of structure therefore offer us a corporate regurgitation of anticorporate commerce


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