Baroque Architecture Characteristics

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Baroque Architecture Characteristics

Keywords baroque architecture style baroque architecture features


The Baroque period took the humanist Roman view of Renaissance architecture and showed it in a new rhetorical theatrical and sculptural fashion they expressed the triumph of absolutist church and state The main view of Baroque architecture was more concerned about color light and shade sculptural values and intensity which could be seen in its characteristics Baroque is defined periods in literature as well as music however critics perceived it to be unstructured over ornamented theatrical and grotesque Although many things influenced the Baroque period it was also influenced by religion as well as the countries politics Architects were interested in the space of the unfolding universe as well as the workings of the mind and attempted to portray passions of the soul through facial expressions


The features of the baroque era showed long narrow naves that were replaced by a broader or occasionally with circular forms It displayed dramatic use of light that could be either strong lightandshade contrast known as chiaroscuroeffects or they used uniform lighting by means of several windows Another feature was opulent use of ornaments puttos made of wood often gilded plaster or stucco marble or faux finishing they used largescale ceiling frescoes and Baroques external faade is often characterized by a dramatic central projection however the interior is often no more than a shell for painting and sculpture which was seen in the late Baroque period Baroque features also include illusory effects like trompe loeil and the blending of painting and architecture and in other countries such as Bavaria Czech Polish and Ukrainian the Baroque style contained pear domes that were are ubiquitous


The main characteristics for the Baroque era were energy great amounts of tension and a sense of movement from the buildings Its painting sculpture and architecture evolved from mannerism and broke away from the rules of contemporary architecture they demanded freedom to plan design and decorate their buildings with what they wanted Columns had twisted shafts which were placed in front of pilasters surrounded by cornices and covered with curved and broken pediments They contained over the top and often unsuitable details with carved decoration Interiors had gilded sculptures often in awkward poses the architecture was noted for its curved lines Many of Baroques additions were finished in bronze marble gold and silver Baroque had a dynamic look and feel to its design it was a useful classification for isolating the tendencies and products of stylistic change It was seen as spacious brilliant theatrical passionate sensual ecstatic opulent extravagant versatile and virtuoso It was an age of expansion following on an age of discovery its expansion led to still further discovery about architectural design and decoration

Section A Interiors

SMaria Della Salute 16311682

The interior of SMaria Della Salute is a very good example of Baroque Architecture and design It displays the Baroque essence in a way but is not completely over ornamented nor does it contain any unsuitable details Marble is mainly used in the columns and the base appears to be gilded in bronze Sculptures are carved from marble and stand high in the round of the dome An altar can be seen and one might assume it is also gilded in bronze It is an artwork in a way but it is not over the top in any way which can be seen from this view point

SPietro 1656 1667

The SPietro is another great example of Baroque architecture and design In this photo we can see the bronze altar that stands just in front of the apse we can see paintings that are decorated with gold boarders marble columns and high walls the domes contain gold ceilings Walls are decorated with sculptures in free standing positions in the walls also made of marble Light is given through high standing windows

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