Black Soul Of The 1960s Music Essay

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Black Soul Of The 1960s Music Essay

In the early 1960s before the British invasion black soul music Doo wop Motown and RB dominated the American audiences The 1960s saw the civil rights movement In 1963 a march on Washington saw the passing of the civil rights act of 1964 which outlawed discrimination in public accommodations and employment This followed with the assassination of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King spurring riots in 125 US cities in 1968 coinciding with the civil rights act of 1968

The 1960s saw Billboard change the name of its RB chart to Soul but the term Soul had been used as a label since the mid 50s It had its beginnings in the 1950s when Ray Charles exploited the gospel sound to create fusions of black religious and RB music with songs such as I got a woman based on the gospel song My Jesus is all the World Sam Cooke also contributed a great deal to Soul Cooke produced an almost unbroken sequence of hits from 1957 to 1964 the year of his death his music gave proof that anything was possible This influenced artists who would later become global black Soul performers such as Aretha Franklin The Falcons and James Brown Groups such as The Angels The Shirelles and The Righteous Brothers helped to popularize the music as mainstream For much of the 1960s soul could be seen as the umbrella term for black popular music which dominated American audiences in the early to mid 1960s

However one of the biggest success stories was the Detroit based Motown which could be seen as pop soul which gave fame to names such as Diana Ross Gladys Knight and Smokey Robinson Tamla Motown was created by Berry Gordy Jr and although the stars were all black you couldnt fully define it as black music as the intent was to make music palatable to white audiences Gordy was also known to have controlled the performing styles and clothes in a way to prepare them for the wider mainstream audience Amongst the most successful of his artist was Marvin Gaye who was the first to take his artistic control over his recordings and repertoire

The East Coast DooWop and girl groups also made a contribution to AfricanAmerican music during the 1960s They were singers and groups whose origins were found on the street corners in the form of cappella groups found in many urban centres With very rare exceptions these groups did not write their own songs but relied on their handlers to set up the recording sessions pick the material and produce the records In fact many of these behindthescenes people eventually became stars in their own right in the seventies The influence of Doo Wop can be seen in soul music through groups such as William Robinsons The Miracles who started a Doo Wop group whilst at school

White popular music of the UK developed into one of the most leading musics in the world Through the 1950s there existed a barely understood American style Rock and Roll At the beginning of 1960 American pop music continued to set the patterns of the native musical efforts in the UK The US contribution to the British charts was large and extremely important At this point the twist was in full swing Chubby Checker Elvis Presley and Jerry Lee Lewis dominated the British charts After rock and roll Britain returned to its traditional values with the likes of Cliff Richard and Living Doll which brought mums and dads along as well

For a short while in Britain at the end of the 1950s into the early 60s there was a revival of American Skiffle made popular by Skiffle artist Lonnie Donegan Skiffle was the first attempt undertaken to appropriate American popular music It was a growing interest in rural and urban blues Many of these interests involved a conservative nostalgia for the authentic of some imagined yesteryear Skiffle would later influence John Lennon and Paul Mcartney in their first band The Quarrymen and The Beatles

We can also see the influence of African American artists through British RB which developed as a major musical movement in the early 1960s initially in London b

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