Chiefdoms and Tribes

Chiefdoms and Tribes

Introduction

The Swazi of Southern Africa and the Mayogo of Northern Democratic Republic of Congo represent two different chiefdoms that live in Africa The two chiefdoms share more with states than with tribes a reason which explains its existence within the boundary of many states in Africa The Swazi chiefdom is situated in the southern Africa in a landlocked country that was rule according to the chiefdom rules even with the coming of the white man and obtaining independence 1968 The chiefdom share many aspects with the state a reason which explains the absence of conflict that inflicts the two institutions in comparison with the state and the tribe The research paper will analyze the two chiefdoms of Mayogo and Swazi through the use of comparison with the state and the tribe by focusing on such points as kinship marriage citizenship

The Mayogo

The Mayogo are people who live in the Northeast of the Democratic Republic of Congo they used to live independently as chiefdom until the 19th century when the country was invaded by the Mangbetu who formed the state under which the Mayogo were governed However the internal affairs of the chiefdom were in control by the chiefs The Mayogo speak a language that belongs to the same family of Swazi which is Bantu most of them have converted from animism to Christianity mainly Catholicism The areas in which the Mayogo live have certain autonomy as the people pay allegiance to the Chiefdom Although the flag was apparent in the documentary but no allegiance is paid to the national anthem One of the reason why the state of Democratic Republic of Congo formerly known as Zaire is not bother by the presence of the chiefdom of Mayogo in its territory is because it is not menaced by it in addition to the fact that the chiefdom provides protection to its population which the state cannot afford to due to the vast surface of the territory and its vicinity to war zones exemplified by the refuges that live in the country in addition to a civil war that it is undergoing

The Swazi

The Swazi took their name from their king Mswati Swaziland is a chiefdom that is organized into dual monarchy with the king and the queen at its head the king is refereed to by the Swazi as Ngwenyama Lion while the queen is known as Ndlovukazi Lady Elephant1 The chiefdom is based on common ancestry and fictive kinship like the state the chiefdom is based on a social contract between the population of Swaziland who accept top pay allegiance to the king by obeying his orders providing goods and services and paying taxes in return for protection from outsiders mainly Zulu and Shaka For instance King Sobhuza maintained the loyalty of his population by protecting them from Shaka to the extent that he sent his daughters to be married by Shaka knowing that they will be killed once they are pregnant2 The successor of king Sobhuza Mswati was left with a strong Kingdom respected and feared by neighboring tribes with a centralized political system controlling several thousands of people scattered over areas reaching far beyond the boundaries of modern Swaziland3

The interest of Europeans to colonize the area came from two parties the Dutch Boers and the British in 1865 the two parties are going to find an excuse to enter the country which to provide peace and end civil war The year coincided with the death of King Mswati which entered the country into a civil war due the rivalry of who is going to become the new king Eventually Mdandzeni was the king and even during his reign instability was present4

A Comparison between Chiefdom and Tribe

The tribe and chiefdom have a similar aspect in terms of their value of raiding while the Swazi during the reign of king Mswati acquired a reputation of terror and fear many of their warriors were indulging in raids with neighboring chiefdoms and the looting was distributed by the King5 Likewise the Famous tribe chief Auda abu Tayi the leader of the Howeitat tribe who said that

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