Interpretive anthropology or scientific anthropology

  • Home
  • /
  • Sociology
  • /
  • Interpretive anthropology or scientific anthropology

Interpretive anthropology or scientific anthropology

Interpretive anthropology or scientific anthropology This is a question which has been argued by many scholars for many decades Scholars for many years have tried to come up with a conclusion in determining which discipline cultural anthropology should take account in and whether is should be identified symbolically or scientifically To this present day this question is left unanswered Cultural anthropology is referred to as the type of anthropology which deals with a variety of different human cultures and states their differences symbolically The subject of anthropology generally has two comparable perspectives which are often argued by numerous anthropologists Anthropology is often regarded as being a scientific discipline while the opposing perspective argues that it is an interpretive discipline because of the way in which individuals and events are defined symbolically Although each group consists of its own individual groups the majority of anthropologists have taken a more diverse approach and combined the two disciplines with one another Anthropologist Eric Wolf concluded a remark which states that anthropology is both the most scientific of the humanities and the most humanistic of the sciences Wolf argues that the interpretive and scientific perspectives are significantly different from one another and thus this illustrates that cultural anthropology has had difficulty trying to incorporate the two disciplines with one another into one symbolic discipline

To conclude this comparison interpretive anthropologists employ intuitive insight and creative imagination in the attempt to evoke and interpret cultural variability However the opposing side scientific anthropologists create logical analysis and empirical investigation in the effort to describe and explain cultural occurrences The goal of interpretive analysis is to produce relative interpretations which are informative while the goal of scientific analysis is to produce causal explanations which are analytical In this paper I would like to examine and observe the comparison between scientific and interpretive anthropology and state the symbolic differences between the two and thus examine Clifford Geertzs perspective which states that interpretive anthropology is a science in terms of the history of the philosophy of science and scientific practices

To begin with the comparison of the two contrasting disciplines one needs to define science and the effects which it has amongst anthropology Science may be welldefined as an objective and systematic method for acquiring accurate knowledge Scientific ideas have the ability to come from various sources Scientists have many demands regarding the scientific knowledge and procedures Scientists often require that the procedures which are employed in the collection of evidence be replicable by independent observers as this confirms that the claim to knowledge is openly provable In many cases scientists demand that the claim needs to be falsifiable in order to ensure that the entitlement of knowledge is testable The test of falsifiability which is most closely associated with the philosopher of science Karl Popper is the single most important rule of science It is the one standard which assures that all scientific statements are testable and it is the outstanding feature which distinguishes science from other ways of knowing

The scientific method consists of a sequence of five steps known as stating the problem reviewing the literature formulating the hypothesis collecting the data and stating the conclusion For every step scientists restrict themselves to openly verifiable procedures replicable by independent observers To summarize science is an objective method for acquiring fake propositional knowledge based on the regular application of logic and observation The essential defining element of science is the requirement that all claims to scientific knowledge be falsifiable Science does not claim to be a faultless

* If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the WetPapers website then please email us at wet papers 1 @ gmail dot com for removal request.

© 2018 WetPapers. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy Terms of Service Disclaimer Copyright