Is Modern Britain An Unequal Society

Is Modern Britain An Unequal Society

Britain is often described as an unequal society however the accuracy of this statement is regularly debated because the term inequality is very vague as individuals often have opposing views when searching for the meaning Due to the ambiguity of the word unequal I am going to be approaching the question is contemporary Britain an unequal society from a sociological perspective in order to best describe and explain social inequalities in Britain The term social inequality from a sociological point of view means a lack of fairness between different groups of people living in society Through this definition we are able to identify three main categories in which social inequalities are divided this occurs through gender class and race which will be highlighted throughout my essay The main focus of my essay would be based on the Marxist and Feminist views as they set the foundations to best describe and explain social inequalities However there are other sociologists whom also study this topic therefore I will be examining their views very briefly

Another form of social inequality that occurs in Britain is class inequalities it is difficult to define this because in contemporary society class is fragmented However in order to fully understand class inequalities the concept must be operationalised There are various sociologists such as Carl Marx who define class inequalities as a group of people who stand in a common relationship to the means of production Although class is often perceived as a dynamic fluid always changing in Britain there is still a clear class structure in which class is divided This class structure is often compared to a pyramid which consists of three levels these are the upper class middle class and working class this arrangement is known as social stratification whereby each level of the formation has distinguishing features in terms of skills status and income The upper class consist of a small proportion of members of Britains population these groups of people tend to have ascribed status such as the royal family However members of the upper class with achieved social status are professionals with high status jobs such as property owners and employers The middle class are employed in profession managerial and administrative jobs for example lawyers these groups of people are often described to have an intermediate class situation The working class consists of the highest proportions of people in Britains population the working class members are found at the bottom of the hierarchy they have the low status jobs which include a complex division of labour People from the working class groups tend to consist of unskilled workers who participate in manual labour Although there are the three main layers in Britains class structure is divided the idea of the underclass also needed to be highlighted This concept is developed by Charles Murray and is often used to describe a segment of the population located at the very bottom of the class structure in which they are marginalised from the rest society Members of the underclass have very low living standard they are thought to be relatively deprived therefore explaining why they have the highest rates of infant mortality The majority of members in the underclass are unemployed and relay on the welfare state as a result of this dependency the idea of the nanny state was developed In correspondence to the idea of the nanny state these recent trends show that the top 10 earners get 273 of all earning whilst bottom 10 get 26 This trend highlights that there is an unequal distribution of wealth as income is an important mechanism which measures a persons wealth this therefore shows that social inequalities takes place in contemporary Britain Marxist sociologist uses these figures to then develop their idea further They argue that Britain is a capitalist society whereby the bourgeoisies exploit the working class in order to benefit themselves The process of industriali

* If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have the essay published on the WetPapers website then please email us at wet papers 1 @ gmail dot com for removal request.

© 2018 WetPapers. All rights reserved. Privacy Policy Terms of Service Disclaimer Copyright