Is Sexual Orientation Genetic Sociology Essay

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Is Sexual Orientation Genetic Sociology Essay

In this modernised world sex and relationship plays an important role as sexuality is part of who we are as humans Sexuality defines how we see ourselves and how we physically relate to others beyond having the ability to reproduce Sexuality is made up of three components which include biological sex gender identity and social gender role In a less brief context biological sex is the anatomical physiological and genetic characteristics associated with being a male or female gender identity means the physiological sense of being a male or female and social gender role is the cultural norms that define feminine and masculine behaviour 1

Sexual orientation is known as an enduring pattern of emotional romantic and sexual attractions to men women or both sexes besides also referring to a persons sense of identity based on those attractions related behaviours and memberships in a community of others who share those attractions which may or may not be evident in a persons appearance or behaviour People may choose not to act on such feelings as having attractions to people of the same sex or opposite sex For example a bisexual who can be attracted to members of either sex may choose to have a one partner relationship with one gender therefore choosing not to act on the attraction of another gender 1

Three commonly recognized aspect of sexual orientation are heterosexuality bisexuality homosexuality and one uncommon aspect is asexuality which is when a person has no sexual attraction or interest in sexual activity Therefore sexual orientation differs from sexual behaviour in that it involves an individuals feelings and perception of their own sexuality According to current scientific and professional understanding the core attractions that form the basis for adult sexual orientation typically emerge between middle childhood and early adolescence These patterns of emotional romantic and sexual attraction may arise without any prior sexual experience

Heterosexuality is the attraction to individuals of the other gender which is

the cultural normality for the behaviour of males and females For example males and females being attracted to individuals of the opposite sex

Bisexuality is the attraction to members of either gender as an example a male having a sexual relationship with another male partner as well with a female partner

On the other hand homosexuality can be defined as the attraction to members of the same gender are not completely understood by scientists

Scientists have pondered the theory for many years that sexual preference is a learned behaviour that is developed during early childhood There are many theories regarding how a particular sexual orientation develops Some scientists share the view that sexual orientation is shaped at an early age through interactions of biological psychological and social factors Other psychologists psychiatrists and mental health professionals agree that

homosexuality may be genetically predetermined

Research over the past thirtyfive years has determined that homosexuality is not an illness mental disorder or emotional problem Other objective research shows that homosexual

orientation is not associated with emotional or social problems Because sexual orientation develops in early adolescence without any prior sexual experience it is believed that it is not chosen It has been reported that some people try diligently to change their sexual preference from homosexual to heterosexual with no success For this reason psychologists do not consider sexual orientation to be a conscious choice that can be voluntarily changed

An untrue stereotype about homosexuals is the belief that gay men have more of a tendency

than heterosexual men to sexually molest children There is no evidence of this Instead recent studies have shown that homosexual parents are quite capable of rearing developmentally secure children who are intelligent as well as being psychologically well adj

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