Issues Of Deviance And Social Control Sociology Essay

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Issues Of Deviance And Social Control Sociology Essay

Deviance is a term used by society to define behaviors that differ from the everyday social norm this means that majority of people in a society must agree or conform to a certain action or behavior In 1906 William Sumner came up with the concept to categorize norm into three different groups folkways mores and laws He defines folkway as the simple daytoday norm which was based on customs traditions and mannerisms If one were not to follow the way of folkway norm it would probably cause others to believe that they are strange or abnormal but would not cause fury Typical folkway norms include style of dressing character physical distance or closeness with others and eating patterns Moving on mores are norms which reflect wideranging social ethics Interracial marriage having an illegitimate child and abusing drugs and alcohol would violate the mores laws and would cause a havoc and produce more serious social denunciation Being in an interracial marriage may make one seem racially impure bearing an illegitimate child can threaten social definition of a marriage and abusing or being addicted to drugs and alcohol shows victory of hedonism over prudence Those who dont comply with mores norm may seem sinful and set themselves up as a potential threat to society Furthermore the laws norm is the strongest custom out of the other two norms This is because it is backed up by codified social approval Those who infringe this norm are punished in ways ranging from a fine to imprisonment Although one may break laws and regulations it wouldnt necessarily label the offender as deviant With this said deviance and crime can respectively fall into one category Consider this if certain individual decides to burglarize or vandalize someones property or even causing harm to another being it considered both deviant and a crime Also there are many other deviant acts that are not considered criminal such as being over or underweight being physically or mentally handicapped being in an interracial marriage and having an illegitimate child To restate a prior point these can be considered deviant because although it is not considered a crime it violates the norm accepted by society With that said we can consider crime and deviance as overlapping categorizes with its own individual magnitudes Attitude behavior and condition are the ABCs of deviance People may be labeled deviant based on their attitudes or belief system which includes religion political views and beliefs in the supernatural Having a mental sickness can also fall into the deviant category The B in the deviant ABCs stands for behavior which people are the most familiar with Deviant behavior can happen intentionally or unintentionally for example one might unintentionally violate a dresscode or a couple may intentionally engage in bizarre sexual activities or one may commit murder Lastly the C stands for condition Those who are considered deviant because of their condition probably acquired it from birth such as being born unwealthy being a person of color in a mainly Caucasian dominated community being born physically handicapped or being height deviant In this case the individual has done nothing wrong or taken any negative actions to be labeled deviant this also makes it almost impossible to change their deviant status Although some actions that an individual chooses to take will be universally labeled as deviant behavior others are judged strictly based on social customs

Heckerts idea of positive deviance would primarily refer to engaging in less selfish actions and more devotion toward the society Heckert has defined many different ways in which positive deviance is evitable such as altruism pacifism cooperation temperance and many more Altruism is one of the most cherished form of positive deviance because it brings out the loyalty All the martyrs fall under this category as they sacrificed themselves for their nation and they can never be forgotten Those who spread the sign of peace

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