Issues With Technological Rationality Sociology Essay

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Issues With Technological Rationality Sociology Essay

The relationship between technology and society is complex and intricate comprising of many elements The two go hand in hand with each shaping one another With this being said it is difficult to determine whether rational decisions about the implementation of technological advancements have been made justly By definition technological rationality suggests that once the technology in question is fully implemented into society it ultimately changes the notion of what is considered rational within that society wiki Thus creating a perplexing relationship between what is rational and what has adjusted itself to be considered rational Poyntz

The term technological rationality was first captioned by the Frankfurt School of Thoughts theorist Herbert Marcuse in his 1941 article Some Implications of Modern TechnologyMarcus1941 Since then the concept has proved to be pertinent in communication research of our modern society Technology has proven to manipulate the environment in which it is placed in evidently changing its environment Some early examples of this were the invention of the wheel the use of controlled fire and the creation of the handaxe Technological advancements all made over one million years ago While our ancestors of this time period lived a simple and primitive life they were still able to make technological advancements by allowing the wheel to permit travelling the use of controlled fire to provide warmth and a viable cooking outlet and by allowing the handaxe to aide them in hunting for food and obtaining materials for shelter Some detailed examples have been provided pertaining to the critiques of media technology and the dominance of technological rationality in highly industrialized societies This paper will serve as an eyeopener for individuals to have a deeper sense of responsibility in the application of technology in parallel with the adaptation of their human qualities This paper explores in a narrow sense the issues of technological rationality and its impact on highly industrialized societies It examines the way technology and the ideologies of technology affect the manners in which people live To further analyze the concept of technological rationality some examples have been cited for the purpose of describing how technology can manipulate the society To better analyze the impact of issues of technological rationality the application of three frameworks of technology including the Enlightenment Critical Theory and PostCritical Theory have been exerted

Social characteristics of a highly industrialized technological society often include those of domination and control fuelled by different motives such as profit social and political control Thompson 2003 pp 201209 In the process of technological rationality it has situated itself with a critique of the ideology towards that particular industrialized society Thompson 2003 pp 201209 Then it preconditions the citizens of the society to think on a onedimensional based ideology of technology and later attempts to articulate its impact for advancement cite The idea of compliant efficiency perfectly illustrates the structure of technological rationality Rationality is being transformed from a critical force into one of adjustment and compliance Autonomy of reason loses its meaning in the same measure as the thoughts feelings and actions of men are shaped by the technical requirements of the apparatus which they have themselves created Marcuse

Technological rationality may survive or eventually breakdown when it reaches the period of incidental or accidental physical and psychological sufferings Lance 2000 This statement on technological breakdown is possible when people in the society become shrewd with power and financial gain and will further the creation of new technologies without consideration of the majority of innocent lives that will be affected with their consequences Lance 2000 There is a need to look at the society on its economic and technol

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