Paul Klee

Paul Klee


Paul Klee a German national Swiss painter was born on 18th December 1879 in a place called Mnchenbuchsee bei Bern in SwitzerlandHe grew up in a music family and was himself a violinist After many years he chooses to study art not music and he attended the Munich Academy in 1900 He joined Der Blaue Reiter an expressionist group that contributed much to the development of art abstract After World War 1 he taught at the Bauhaus School In 1931 he began teaching at Dusseldorf Academy

He was a natural draftsman who experimented and researched most of the time in obtaining new color combinations and most of them in natural and shining forms He mastered color theoryand wrote vastly in his writings He worked in German Bauhaus School of art design and architecture where he used his skills extensively His paintings reflect his thinking mood beliefs and humor

Paul Klee has a very definite style His pictures are little difficult to classify He had wide variety of painting styles such as oil paint watercolor ink pastel and etching He also used canvas burlap muslin linen gauze cardboard metal foils fabric wallpaper and newsprint He did not satisfy with the above so he also tried using spray paint knife application stamping glazing and impasto He is well associated with feelings of expression cubism and futurism etc He also used mixed media oil with water colors and similar

He used to experiment for long time in developing different color sequences and mixtures The color textures used by him are very unique They include highly glaring colors and in contrast very smooth and light color combinations He created many color combinations and used them in his paintings The various styles and color combinations used gave him a unique identity The Golden Fish Ad Parnassum and The Death and Fire are discussed below

The Golden Fish

Paul Klee created this masterpiece in 1925 It was painted by using oil and watercolor on paper which was mounted on cardboard He had affection towards pets and animals He also painted Trilling Nightingale a Migratory Bird and many others The Golden Fish is a magical fish with flashing gold color and a number of runic signs all over its body The golden fish hasscarlet color uncommon fins and a pink flower as an eye He swims imperially with a lot of freedom in the deep and dark blue sea The great golden fishis very much prominent in dark water with light blue plants everywhere The painter is very keen to highlight the golden fish so it was painted with glaring gold color where others are dull colored The other fishes are small and are in different colors in order to get the feel of an ocean or sea It can be inferred from the picture as the golden fish is moving and also the other small fishes in the picture are running away form huge beautiful golden fish We may or may not understand its significance but it draws the mysteriousness of his freedom and his secret world This quite nobility and brightness are clearly visible through his paintings in common and specifically in the golden fish The spellbinding color and dramatizing images is very well observed in this painting Also there might be a strong reason for drawing many pictures of fishes



Ad Parnassum

It was painted by using oil and casein on canvas in 1932 It is one of the major and most finely worked paintings in divisionist group He was at his peak of his creative work during the time of Ad Parnassum

Ad Parnassum is a conclusion to the series Magic Squares created by Klee in 1923 This conclusion came in 1932 that is 9 years after creating magic squares series Here each element in the painting is similar to a theme in a polyphonic arrangement Klee himself gives the definition of polyphony as the simultaneity of several independent themesThe goldenyellow morning sun and the divine mountain can be observed Small dots are now recognizable tiny squares and rectangles

The color combina

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