Review Of The Historical Perspective Animation Essay

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Review Of The Historical Perspective Animation Essay

This section in my dissertation focuses not on the history of animation per se but on the evolution and progress of animation in films and in particular claymation which is one form of stopmotion animation

The desire to animate is as old as art itself Animation is a form of movie magic with its origins in art form The earliest examples are still drawings found in Palaeolithic cave paintings depicting animals with multiple sets of legs in superimposed positions that attempted to convey the illusion of movement While such images came to life through fairy tales and folk lore it was only during the 19th century when inventions were made to make motion picture that animated pictures became a real possibility

A live action film and an animated film are different because the live action camera captures a scene moving in real time automatically freezing into separate still pictures that can then be projected on to a screen In an animation film the animator on the contrary can not film anything until and unless he she creates through drawings2D animation or models 3 D animation or computer imagery every single frame of a film from scratch While animation is definitely a highly creative medium it entails timeconsuming processes for an animator who should have vision faith in the concept and creation abundant patience and capacity for sustained efforts
The development of devices from crude form to highly technical gadget has played a key role in evolution of animation over the years

The earliest device to create an image of a moving picture is known as Zoetrope invented in China around 180 AD The modern day zoetrope contraption was produced in 1834 by William George Horner and is considered to be the beginning of the animation devices The device is basically a cylinder with vertical slits around the sides Around the inside edge of the cylinder there are a series of pictures on the opposite side to the slits As the cylinder is spun the user then looks through the slits producing the illusion of motion Actually even in present day animation classes for the beginners the Zoetrope is being used to explain the early concepts of animation

The magic lantern believed to have originated from China in the 16th century is the precursor to the modern day projector It consisted of a translucent oil painting and a simple lamp When put together in a darkened room the image would appear larger on a flat surface

The most significant early day animation device was Phenakistoscope 1831 disc invented simultaneously by the Belgian Joseph Plateau and the Austrian Simon von Stampfer The photographic sequence experiments done by Englishborn American Eadweard Muybridge in 1872 using 24 still cameras set up along side horse race track have been of help to later generation of animators

The animated film took a major step thanks to a sophisticated version of Zoetrope known as Praxinoscope invented by French scientist CharlesEacutemile Reynaud in 1877 a painter of lanternslides It used the same basic mechanism of a strip of images placed on the inside of a spinning cylinder but instead of viewing it through slits it was viewed in a series of small stationary mirrors around the inside of the cylinder so that the animation would stay in place and provide a clearer image and better quality After fifteen years of hard work Reynaud also developed a larger version of the praxinoscope an animation system using loops of 12 pictures that could be projected onto a screen called the Theacuteacirctre Optique first demonstrated at the Musee Grevin Paris in 1892 comprising 500 pictures on a transparent strip of gelatin This was the first animation film entitled Pantomimes Lumineuses which lasted up to fifteen minutes Reynauds films were simple tales mainly concerned with love and rivalry Reynaud used drawings rather than photographic images and every subsequent animated film using line animation from Felix the Cat and Micky Mouse to the Rugrats a

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