Role of women in the sultanate of oman

Role of women in the sultanate of oman

After the accession of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said Al Said in 1970 Oman transformed from a rudimentary single economy that lacked all sorts of public amenities and modern infrastructure to a modern and diversified economy aided by the wise leadership of His Majesty The availability of oil revenues and the importance given to education in the post 1970 period accelerated the development process

For women in Oman the new era started when His Majesty Sultan Qaboos Bin Said began the process of Renaissance The result seen today is because of his firm belief in the future of Oman and its men and women Women are encouraged to work shoulder to shoulder with their male counterparts

The progress of Omani women can be gauged by the fact that they are entering various professions and most importantly some women are occupying eminent positions in the public sector and defence While there are no official figures available it is said that Oman has the highest number of working women among the AGCC states Source Oman Tribune 30 September 2007

Purpose of the study

This conceptual paper addresses the following issues

Factors that encourage women to pursue various careers

Role and contributions of Omani women in the Sultanate

Obstacles hindering womens progress

Recommendations

Factors that encourage women to pursue various careers

Factors which encourage women to work and achieve economic independence and leave a significant mark on the society are mainly support of women from the Islam religion and the Holy Quran the wise leadership of His Majesty under which thrust has been given to education and Omanisation setting up of Womens Association and favorable labor laws

Rights of women as stated in Islam

Men and women are accorded equal rights in Islam Prophet Muhammads PBUH wives Khadijah and Aisha have inspired female education in Islamic world Sitna Khadijah was a successful business woman She is looked up as a role model for women Aisha was a military leader and a renowned Hadith scholar

Men and women were encouraged alike to seek and pursue knowledge by Prophet Mohammed PBUH The Holy Quranic verses and Hadiths can be cited to demonstrate this fundamental right to knowledge Quran encourages the pursuit of knowledge by all Muslims regardless of their sex It repeatedly commands all believers to read to recite to think to contemplate as well as to learn from the signs of God surrounding us in nature In fact the very first revelation to Prophet Muhammad was READ Islam does not put any limit on the kind or field of education a woman may choose Islamic history still has the mark of few women scholars The search for knowledge is a duty of every Muslim male and female Hadith

Role of His Majesty Sultan Qaboos

His Majesty Sultan Qaboos has always felt that since women form half of our society education of girls should never be absent from our mind Rapid strides in educational development were taken after His Majesty Sultan Qaboos assumed power in 1970 In the year 1970 there were only three schools and no colleges or universities By the year 1985 the number increased to 588 schools and by 200607 there were 1053 schools enrolling a total of 563602 students and employing a teaching staff of 44514

The Government under the leadership of His Majesty has accorded support and encouragement to the working women It has tackled the impediments by providing the necessary social infrastructure and thus cleared the way for their progress in the society

Omanisation

Omanisation Policy was introduced in 1988 as a longterm process of committed vision and mission This is a key development policy influencing the employment scenario of the country Omanisation plan is seen as a national objective in order to stop the continuation of the countrys dependence on the expatriate manpower by substituting Omani nationals for foreign labour

According to this it is stated that preference is given to Omani Nationals by th

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