Standards of Training Certification and Watchkeeping

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Standards of Training Certification and Watchkeeping

I have been requested to explain the Convention covering Standards of Training Certification and Watchkeeping for ships crew 1973 to 2010 This will include the responsibilities of master and crew crewing agencies crew training and the role of the International Transport Workers Federation ITF

The IMO International Maritime Organization was established in 1948 under the name IMCO InterGovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization It was created to improve safety at sea efficient navigation and prevention of marine pollution from ships

The IMO does not create legislation it creates conventions to vote the rules by member states

IMOs first task was about new version of Safety of Life at Sea SOLAS in 1960 The purpose of the convention was facilitation of international maritime traffic load lines and the carriage of dangerous goods while the system of measuring the tonnage of ships was revised

In despite of safety was the most important title for IMO pollution appeared The oil trading was growing and thousands tons of giant ships were carrying them port by port After the Torrey Canyon disaster in 1967 which is 120000 tonnes of oil spilled to the west coast of England the problem got the attention

After the disaster of Torrey Canyon the IMO spent their next few years to prevent accidents and to minimize their consequences IMO considered also pollutions from routine operations on board for instance avoid to throw oily staffs and dirty oil in to the sea cleaning of oil cargo tanks spilled the dirty water after cleaning engine room etc

In 197378 the International Convention came together to discuss not only prevention of pollution from ships but also pollution by chemical sewage garbage goods in packed form and air pollution

IMO adopted 2 treaties in 1969 and 1971 With those treaties victims can have compensation much more easily than had been before In 1992 and 2000 both treaties were amended again to increase the limits of compensation IMSO International Mobile Satellite Organization also initiated in 1970s which has huge beneficial of radio and other messages to ships In 1988 GMDSS the Global Maritime Distress and Safety at Sea has adopted In 1999 GMDSS became fully operational on sea

In 1990s two important attempts adopted by IMO which effect human element in shipping International Safety Management Code adopted on 1 July 1998 for particular ships on 1 July 2002 became applicable for all ships above 500 GT

The International Convention on Standards of Training Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers 1995 amendments entered into force on 1 February 1997 With this amendments IMO had the power to check the party countrys government actions about their requests from them

In the 2000s conventions made 3 amendments about marine environment which are
Anti Fouling Systems AFS 2001
Ballast Water Management BWM 2004
Hong Kong International Convention for the Safe and Environmentally Sound Recycling of Ships 2009

And also in the 2000s IMO made important amendments for maritime security including the International Ship and Port Facility Security ISPS Code In 2005 Suppression of Unlawful Acts SUA has entered into force by IMO

IMOs mission statement Safe Secure and Efficient Shipping on Clean Oceans

The International Convention on Standards of Training Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers STCW was adopted first in 1978 at the IMO International Maritime Organization conference in London and entered into force in 1984 It was significantly amended by IMO in 1995

The first STCW convention established in 1978 Before convention governments were established individually their own standards of training certification and watch keeping of officers and ratings and normally without any reference practice in other countries The convention brought the minimum standards of watchkeeping training and certification for seafarers The countries attend mandatory to the conventions

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