Work Of Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

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Work Of Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe 18861969 a Germanborn architect is widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of Modern architecture responsible for establishing and popularizing a new architectural style in the US Mies left Germany in 1938 to head the Armour Institute which later became the Illinois Institute of Technology His design of the Main Campus and of other important buildings such as the apartment towers at 860 and 880 North Lake Shore Drive in Chicago and the Seagram Building in New York helped set a new aesthetic standard for modern architecture Blake 1960Mies created an inspiring 20th century architectural style stated with high clarity and simplicity He carried the ideals of rationalism and minimalism to new levels His work in US made use of modern materials such as steel and glass to define interior spacesKostof 1995 He called his buildings skin and bones architecture He wanted to achieve an architecture with a minimal framework of structural order balanced against the implied freedom of free flowing space Mies Buildings in US radiate the confidence rationality and elegance of their creator free of ornamentation excessBlake 1960 His philosophy that less is more became a guideline for architects in the 20th century SearchQuotes

With the establishment of a new campus for the Illinois Institute of Technology IIT Mies van der Rohe had the opportunity to plan the campus as well as several other of building The Minerals and Metals building 1942 1943 was Mies very first construction on the campus This building marked the first step toward the realization of Mies master plan for the IIT campus which was one of his most famous works in America This project is not something made by the God of Crown hall stated by Kevin Harrington but rather Mies urges us to understand the building as part of the development of his own architectural languageThis is where we first see his transition from forms that has been dear to his heart seen in his work in Europe to new forms that were possible necessary and significant It is in the Minerals and Metals building we first see Mies use of rolled steel I beam as part of his structural grammar Mies unconventional use of steel was a map to the inside of the building and it inaugurated a technique he used again in his projects in America Giedion1982

Crown Hall 19501956 This building situated on the IIT campus is a modern masterpiece The National Historic landmark described Crown hall as A straight forward expression of construction and materiality which allows the structure to transcent into art Crown hall is an enormous room 120 x 220 ft in plan 18 ft high without interior columns used for the architectural school The building is raised several feet above the ground to allow light for the below grade school of Design The most interesting point is the structural solution of exposed structural beams above the roof making dear the method of achieving the clearspan interior The huge scale of the building and the columnfree open plan of the main floor of Crown hall demonstrates Mies innovative concept of creating universal space Mies van der Rohe ended his relationship with the school in 1958Blake1960

Exterior entry faade

Open plan of Crown hall creating universal space

Shifting away from Mies work on IIT campus another of his well renowned work is Farnsworth House 19461951A small weekend retreat outside Chicago The Farnsworth house is one of the most radically minimalist houses ever designed Its interior a single room subdivided by partitions and completely enclosed in glassThe muteness speaks to us through the gentle and contlingent setting of the house on its site Hartoonian1984pp48The building is held together by only eight steel columns Mies van de Rohe was able to realize spatial and structural ideas For example the I beams are both structural and expressive The use of glass negates the dialectics of enclosure and openness Hartoonian1984pp48 Farnsworth House which may seem as

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